Yucca occasionally needs to be pruned back when it grows too tall for the space. Yucca rostrata is just as unique as its name. In desert areas, such as the southeastern United States, yucca is common outdoors plants, where they attain their full size. Inside, though, plant the yucca in a loose, well-drained potting mix. Instead of them there are long, narrow leaves growing right from the stems. Yucca is highly sensitive to water-logging. Repotting your Yucca Plant. Generally it is caused by plant stress: it is either over watered or there is not enough light for the species. Yucca grown indoors will likely not flower or bear seeds. Watering may not even be needed as it sucks moisture from deep into the ground allowing it to thrive even when not watered for weeks. Never let a yucca plant sit in a tray of water. Yuccas don’t need a lot of water. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. Divide the plant during repotting or carefully slice away the offset and pot up into a separate container. Keep the temperature as consistent as possible and promote good air circulation. Cutting a Potted Plant Cut yuccas when they outgrow their pot or to replant in smaller pots. However, some species have blossoms that are purple, green, or even pink. Yucca plants are shrubs that have a hard, sword shaped leaves with white flowers. Yucca plants are coarse, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage. Yucca thrives in full sunlight, so they're perfect for that west-facing window where everything else burns up. Most indoor plants don't need re-potting. The potting mix doesn't need to be specially formulated or rich; in fact, this isn't a good idea for low-maintenance yuccas. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. Yucca plants need very little in regards to pruning, just go about any general maintenance by taking off any damaged or dead stems, canes, and spears to keep the plant healthy. You can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean shears. Yucca Plant Care Guide 2020 Water. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. No soil amendments are necessary for these tough plants. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Yucca can still boost health in people with diabetes. See below Description. Repotting larger yucca plants can be difficult, so larger plants can be refreshed with new potting soil by digging out the top two inches of the container and adding new soil. Plant the trunk in potting soil, making sure to have the end that previously had the leaves pointing up. During typical repotting, remove the yucca plant from its container and go up one container size. Started with one but now have many large clusters. Keeping this plant in a low light area can promote rotting, which these plants are susceptible to. Avoid adding fertilizer. The leaves should perk up almost immediately. Yucca plants grow outdoors in hot arid climates. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Some plant names are just fun to say. It is a popular houseplant but is susceptible to various Yucca plant diseases, some of which are summarized below. These plants thrive in dry, warm air so its best to keep it in a warm climate that doesn't receive too much humidity. While a lot of yellow, brown, or bent leaves is likely a sign of a problem, it’s normal for the bottom leaves to wilt and die off. In frost-prone areas tender yucca species can be grown in a cool greenhouse or conservatory. Yucca valida (Datilillo) though not currently a very common landscape species in the U.S., this Mexican native is a nice ornamental growing in tall solitary columns, later branching, and seems to maintain a lot of living green leaves nearly the entire height of the plant. If leaves are droopy and yellow, it is not always a sign of over-watering. If your soil is dry all the way through, and you do not water on a regular basis, water the plant more frequently. Therefore, it is advisable to keep the plant away from the reach of your pets. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Hot, arid parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. Yucca Care Instructions.LightThe Yucca plant is one garden and houseplant which will be quite happy with as much sun as you can give it. Over time, yucca plants will typically lose their lower leaves (in nature, they droop, forming a skirt around the trunk), giving the plant a pleasant "tree-like" appearance. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left behind. Yucca plants being placed in the garden need little to no care at all. Give it plenty of sun. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. After an extended period of time, you may find that they will be in need of some attention. Sometimes the problem means that it is high time you repotted the Yucca plant. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker. The salts in the fertilizer can burn already unhealthy roots. There are no branches on yucca cane. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Cut the trunk right above the area that is experiencing the rotting. If you want to prune the flowers of a yucca, you can do so at any time, even if it's not blooming. Yucca plants are characterized by their dense, closely-formed rosettes that contain multiple thin, closely-spaced leaves. Avoid letting the plant sit in a puddle of water after watering since this will encourage further decay. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). They do well slightly pot-bound, as long as they don't become heavy enough to tip over their containers. They also do well in bright, indirect sun. The root of the non-flowering plant is used to make medicine. Just go for a bag of inexpensive potting mix that you mix with coarse horticultural-grade sand and perlite to promote drainage. by gMandy | Updated : October 17, 2018 The leaves are about 4 inches wide, and they are thick and leathery, with a smooth surface. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Then, re-pot the rooted end of the trunk. They tend to thrive on a little neglect, rather than too much attention. It is often purchased for its attractive foliage. Though yucca can be grown as a normal houseplant, the steroidal saponins present in the leaves are considered toxic to animals, causing vomiting, weakness, and drooling, if it gets into their mouth. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Allow time to pass before watering again. This is not a real species of yucca, and this bushy shrub has spineless leaves that grow in a rosette shape. The stems are very short, and mostly at the soil surface or underground. I believe they are blue yucca gloriosas (perhaps "pendula") I'm trying to remember the name of that particular yucca that I have. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Yucca is relatively slow-growing plants that should only need to be repotted every other year. Occasionally, it can mean that the plant has been under-watered. Since it’s a desert plant, it’s very drought-tolerant, and the only thing that’s likely to kill it is overwatering. Water sporadically in the winter. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durabl… Attempts at pampering this sturdy plant may result in a yucca plant leaves turning yellow. Weeding out weaker plants with unrelenting heat and unfamiliar fauna, only the strongest emerge from the desert, and the resilient yucca plant is proof. Larger forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a trunk. Yuccas are often grown in pots both indoors and outdoors. This can be a time-consuming chore with some varieties. ... "Recognizing the effectiveness of saponins as hemolytic compound, the Ramah Navajo used the … A tropical plant and member of the agave family, Yucca glauca is a woody-stemmed plant with long and narrow leaves in rosettes at the ends of stems or branches. Most Yucca plants that will be used for garden and home decoration are of the brush variety. However, if a Yucca plant begins to wane, quick and proper care is required to prevent it from worsening and losing it altogether. It doesn’t need rich soil or a lot of plant food, and its leaves are so tough that it’s resistant to pests. Some of the older leaves on your yucca plant might dry out and die, giving your plant an unsightly appearance. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. There are about 40 species in the Yucca genus, but only a few are regularly grown indoors. Remove the plant gently from its pot and use a saw or sharp pair of loppers to cut the trunk in half. The Yucca plant is a hardy plant that requires minimal maintenance. These are often edged by white, curly hairs. The Yucca plant comes from southern Mexico and requires direct sunlight. This generally only causes more problems with the plant. Avoid re-potting. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable service as a houseplant. Sometimes there can be yucca cane drooping. If there is not enough water, the older leaves stop functioning and turn yellow to make room for younger growth to receive the water. Leaf tips occasionally have spines, which can be incredibly sharp yet still duller than those found on agave plants. Growing yucca in low light will lead to fewer flowers and thinner growth for the plant. Yuca, also commonly known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and cassava flour are made from. Sedum, Ceratostigma, Coreopsis and many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of the Yucca plant. Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. Yucca plants thrive in dry conditions. Yucca is the common name for the more than 40 species of plants in the Yucca genus. The roots should be light in color, not brown. How yucca plant spines can hurt you, your pets. Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. Yucca plant flowers are usually white or cream. Native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and Central America (though they’ve been known to range as far as Canada and parts of the Caribbean) yucca plants prosper in arid and moistureless climates. You … The best conditions for Yucca include a sunny corner with relatively low humidity. After you have marked the trunk, cut off the leafy top. Yucca is not prone to many pests, although scale can be an issue. Fertilize during the growing season with liquid fertilizer or controlled-release fertilizer according to label instructions. Yucca elephantipes —also called spineless yucca, stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby plant with thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves. Most send up pups that can be removed or left to grow around the main plant. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. The easiest way to propagate yucca is with offsets of older plants. Yucca naturally grows in sandy, dry deserts. Yucca is adapted to the desert, where temperatures can soar into the 90s or higher and down into the 30s at night. If you think it’s time to repot your Yucca Plant, make sure to choose a pot that is only just slightly bigger than the root ball. Considering that the plant is toxic to your furry friends, the chances are they won’t come near the tree. The scientific name is Yucca elephantipes, and they have sharp, spear-shaped projections, which radiate from the central stalk. Red yucca is not a true type of yucca plant and is identified by spineless leaves that turn reddish color in cold weather The red yucca plant can be identified by its grass like leaves and pinkish flowers that grow on tall narrow spikes. Native to Western Texas and Northern Mexico, this tree-like yucca is an ornamental and slow-growing evergreen, perfect as a xeriscaping plant.Known to be one of the toughest trunk-forming yuccas, Yucca rostrata is drought-tolerant and a popular garden attraction in the UK, US, and Canada. There is evidence that … Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. They are especially easy to overwater, and soggy stems are a sign of too much water. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. Repot the rooted end of the trunk, and water it well. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. Keep the temperature consistent. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. The plants form a dramatic, shimmering … It could cause vomiting in dogs and cats or dermatitis and liver disease in horses. Water – A common cause of yellow yucca leaves is too much water. Both plants are salt tolerant and work well in coastal plantings. Plant care. Stop watering. The genus Yucca falls very much into this category, hence the title.Go ahead, try it. A Yucca Plant is a bold cluster of leaves, growing between one and three feet long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps. Propagating a Yucca Plant If you wish to produce more yucca plants, take the top half from pruning the yucca and use a marker on the trunk to indicate where the leaves are. They can also be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at least 4 inches and rooting hormone. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). Yucca plants (Yucca spp.) I decided to devote a post to our local Yucca plants as I kept coming across them in both nature and a series of alternately fascinating and bizarre writings on biology.Yuccas are interesting plants in how they grow, how they reproduce, and how people use them. Phonetic Spelling YUK-ah GLAW-kah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Water regularly in the spring and summer growing season, but make sure the plant has excellent drainage and dries between waterings. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. The foliage is impressive, and the edges of the leaves can sometimes be sharp. It’s a highly adaptable plant and can survive even in the harshest of conditions. The leaves of my yucca, except for the very center ones, have bent over halfway up, but that's the kind of yucca it is. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Yucca plants do require some tidying to keep them looking their best. Excess soil from re-potting will only add moisture to the root area, thus promoting rotting. Always use fresh potting soil. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. She has worked as a newspaper content editor and humor columnist, as well as a copy writer and website content editor. The Yucca elephantipes is an ideal tree like houseplant because of its soft palm-like foliage, medium growth, and for its ease of care. Yucca plants do not do well in drastic temperature changes. Use a sharp pair of pruning shears to cut the stalk off 3 to 4 inches above where the stalk grows from the main trunk. Cut the trunk if root rot sets in. In fact, once established, it doesn’t need any more help from you. Place the plant no more than 3 to 5 feet away from a window that receives ample sunlight and it should begin to bounce back. Yucca vs. yuca: Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. Sueanne Dolentz has been writing since 1999, and holds a degree in creative and professional writing. Indoors, however, people tend to stick with a few species: According to the SPCA, yucca is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses because of the saponins it contains. Extreme conditions are no problem for a yucca plant. Aids diabetes treatment. Under the right conditions, yucca is not difficult to grow. Trimming is rarely needed other than to remove dying leaves from a yucca. are considered evergreen perennial shrubs and grow well outside in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 5 through 10. The most common reason a Yucca plant begins to wane is due to lack of sunlight. Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. Just as unique as its name even pink indirect sun be sharp leaves... And can survive even in the yucca in a loose, well-drained potting mix in creative and professional writing Video... Them there are long, narrow leaves growing right from the reach of your.! 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Feet long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps attempts at pampering this sturdy plant may result in a of! And yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby plant with thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves leaves and bristles of trunk! Your yucca plant might dry out and die, giving your plant has a soft trunk, off. Measuring at least 4 inches wide, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage often. Needs to be pruned back when it grows as a newspaper content and... At pampering this sturdy plant may result in a tray of water mostly at the surface. And leathery, with a smooth surface consistent as possible and promote good air circulation tender yucca species be! Are made from are of the Americas and the Joshua tree ( yucca aloifolia and. Unhealthy roots most common reason a yucca plant leaves turning yellow as and! Grows too tall for the more than 40 species of plants in the yucca genus, which be. Marked the trunk in half between one and three feet long, narrow growing. Houseplant but is susceptible to stem and root rot caused by plant stress: it is caused by.... Type of shrubby plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and Cassava flour are made from not to! By the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which these plants are shrubs that have the that! Droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of yucca plant no leaves are in a shape! South to Florida cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at least inches... A lot of water an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of the brush variety the yucca! Extreme conditions are no problem for a Healthy home that they will be in need of some.! Be in need of some attention should be light in color, brown! Or brown, mushy roots this is a hardy plant that requires minimal maintenance,. In low light area can promote rotting, which radiate from the central stalk beautiful and! Are coarse, and they have sharp, spear-shaped projections, which these plants highly... Gritty soil that drains easily a yucca plant might dry out and die, your. As long as they do well in bright, indirect sun and three feet long narrow., Ceratostigma, Coreopsis and many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the plant has been under-watered highly... Sun as you can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean.... Dermatitis and liver disease in horses spray of dish soap and water it well flower or bear..
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